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E&S Home > Vol. 26, Iss. 2 > Art. 23 > Abstract Open Access Publishing 
The water-sensitive city meets biodiversity: habitat services of rain water management measures in highly urbanized landscapes

Lauranne Pille, Department of Ecology, Technische Universität Berlin
Ina Säumel, Integrative Research Institute THESys Transformation of Human-Environment-Systems, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-12386-260223

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Abstract

Urban water managers face numerous challenges, including limited natural resources for maintenance of technical infrastructure, changing demography, and dramatic environmental degradation. Although the vision of the “water-sensitive city” helps to develop tools and strategies toward more sustainable urban water systems, it does not consider biodiversity effects. We therefore aimed to determine habitat provision or habitat services provided by important rainwater management measures (e.g., ponds, swales, rain gardens, green roofs, green walls, permeable pavement), and to highlight how specific design and management practices for such measures enhance urban biodiversity. There is evidence of habitat services provided by rainwater management measures. Nevertheless, the categorization of such measures as civil engineering structures and their related rules limit efforts to optimize the biodiversity friendliness of design and management. The main factors to provide enhanced and more sustainable habitats are shaping design and maintenance according to target species and favoring connectivity by integrating rainwater management measures into the urban blue-green network. We find that strategic implementation of combinations of rainwater management measures into existing built-up areas allows greater multifunctionality of urban infrastructure. The “biodiversity-friendly and water-sensitive city” implies the efficient integration of ecological design measures in urban planning at building, neighborhood, and landscape scales.

Key words

blue-green city; decentralized water infrastructure; low-impact development; stormwater management; sustainable urban water drainage; urban biodiversity

Copyright © 2021 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article is under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. You may share and adapt the work for noncommercial purposes provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

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Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087