Ecology and Society Ecology and Society
E&S Home > Vol. 10, Iss. 2 > Art. 3 > Abstract Open Access Publishing 
Lake Restoration in Terms of Ecological Resilience: a Numerical Study of Biomanipulations under Bistable Conditions

Takashi Amemiya, Yokohama National University
Takatoshi Enomoto, Yokohama National University
A. G. Rossberg, Yokohama National University
Noriko Takamura, National Institute for Environmental Studies
Kiminori Itoh, Yokohama National University


Full Text: HTML   
Download Citation


An abstract version of the comprehensive aquatic simulation model (CASM) is found to exhibit bistability under intermediate loading of nutrient input, supporting the alternative-stable-states theory and field observations for shallow lakes. Our simulations of biomanipulations under the bistable conditions reveal that a reduction in the abundance of zooplanktivorous fish cannot switch the system from a turbid to a clear state. Rather, a direct reduction of phytoplankton and detritus was found to be most effective to make this switch in the present model. These results imply that multiple manipulations may be effective for practical restorations of lakes. We discuss the present results of biomanipulations in terms of ecological resilience in multivariable systems or natural systems.

Key words

alternative stable state; biomanipulation; bistable; comprehensive aquatic simulation model (CASM); resilience

Copyright © 2005 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article is under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. You may share and adapt the work for noncommercial purposes provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087