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E&S Home > Vol. 5, Iss. 2 > Art. 32 > Abstract Open Access Publishing 
Research to Integrate Productivity Enhancement, Environmental Protection, and Human Development

Jeffrey A Sayer, WWF (World Wildlife Fund)
Bruce Campbell, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)


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To meet the challenges of poverty and environmental sustainability, a different kind of research will be needed. This research will need to embrace the complexity of these systems by redirecting the objectives of research toward enhancing adaptive capacity, by incorporating more participatory approaches, by embracing key principles such as multi-scale analysis and intervention, and by the use of a variety of tools (e.g., systems analysis, information management tools, and impact assessment tools). Integration will be the key concept in the new approach; integration across scales, components, stakeholders, and disciplines. Integrated approaches, as described in this Special Feature, will require changes in the culture and organization of research.

Key words

adaptive capacity, decision making, impact assessment, integration, scale, social learning, systems modeling.

Copyright © 2002 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article is under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. You may share and adapt the work for noncommercial purposes provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087