Table 2. Key dates in pastoral adaptation.

1861: Land selections began
1870s: Local gold discoveries
1880s: Limited introduction of artificial waterpoints
1890s: Possible peak in the sizes of the largest enterprises (200,000 ha>)
1945s: Marked increase in artificial waterpoints using WWII machinery
1970s: “Release” stage in many enterprises: intensified /reduced labour input
1970s: Introduction of hardier cattle breeds and feed supplements