Table 1. Factors that contribute to community responses to disturbances. Adapted from Ostrom (2009:421).

Social, Economic, and Political Settings (S)
S1- Economic development
S2- Demographic trends
S3- Political stability
S4- Government settlement policies
S5- Market incentives
S6- Media organization
Resource System (RS) Governance System (GS)
RS1- Sector (e.g., water, forests, pasture, fish)
RS2- Clarity of system boundaries
RS3- Size of resource system
RS4- Human-constructed facilities
RS5- Productivity of system
RS6- Equilibrium properties
RS7- Predictability of system dynamics
RS8- Storage characteristics
RS9- Location
GS1- Government organizations
GS2- Non-government organizations
GS3- Network structure
GS4- Property-rights systems
GS5- Operational rules
GS6- Collective-choice rules
GS7- Constitutional rules
GS8- Monitoring and sanctioning processes
Resource Units (RU) Users (U)
RU1- Resource unit mobility
RU2- Growth or replacement rate
RU3- Interaction among resource units
RU4- Economic value
RU5- Number of units
RU6- Distinctive markings
RU7- Spatial and temporal distribution
U1- Number of users
U2- Socioeconomic attributes of users
U3- History of use
U4- Location
U5- Leadership/entrepreneurship
U6- Norms/social capital
U7- Knowledge of SES/mental models
U8- Dependence on resource
U9- Technology used
Interactions (I) → Outcomes (O)
I1- Harvesting levels of diverse users
I2- Information sharing among users
I3- Deliberation processes
I4- Conflicts among users
I5- Investment activities
I6- Lobbying activities
I7- Self-organizing activities
I8- Networking activities
O1- Social performance measures
(e.g., efficiency, equity, accountability)
O2- Ecological performance measures
(e.g., overharvested, resilience, diversity)
O3- Externalities to other SESs
Related Ecosystems (ECO)
ECO1- Climate patterns
ECO2- Pollution patterns
ECO3- Flows into and out of focal SES

Variables that are identified with explanatory power in our case study analysis.